Pennsylvania's First Constitution - The Spirit of '76??
Pennsylvania's earliest constitution, written in 1776, created an Executive Branch with a 12-member "Supreme Executive Council," a unicameral Legislature (only one chamber), and a President elected by the Legislature and council. There was also a separate "Council of Censors" responsible for monitoring compliance with the constitution. The Council of Censors could open impeachment proceedings, propose constitutional amendments, and censure officials.
If this system of state government doesn't sound familiar, that's because it only lasted for 14 years. In 1790, the Council of Censors called for a new constitutional convention...
The 1790 PA Constitution (and beyond)
The 1790 PA Constitution established the basic state government structure we have today. New constitutions in 1838, 1874, and 1968 made only minor changes.
The PA Constitution Today
Pennsylvania's Constitution contains its own Bill of Rights, and sections or Articles that define different aspects of our state government, including Taxation, Election Law, Local Government, and the three branches of State Government. Amendments to the PA Constitution must be proposed by General Assembly and passed in a statewide popular vote. The most recent amendments were passed in the May 2021 Primary.